Native American; children; caregivers; IMB model; fruits; vegetables
Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Higher Education | Nutrition | Public Health | Social and Behavioral Sciences
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model to identify variables that are associated with fruit and vegetable intake among Native American children. A cross-sectional study design was employed with a convenience sample of 92 English-speaking caregivers of Native American children between the ages of 2 and 5 from several tribes representing the Midwest, including Omaha, Santee Sioux, Ponca and Winnebago. Caregivers completed an IMB model survey, fruit and vegetable food frequency questionnaire and demographic survey. Multivariate linear regression and path analysis were conducted to assess association between model constructs and fruit and vegetable consumption. Caregiver fruit and vegetable-related behavioral skills were significantly associated with child fruit and vegetable consumption. Caregiver fruit and vegetable-related information was significantly associated with fruit and vegetable related motivation and caregiver fruit and vegetable-related motivation was significantly associated with behavioral skills. Caregiver fruit and vegetable motivation was only associated with child fruit and vegetable consumption via the indirect pathway through behavioral skills.
Sinley, Rachel C. and Albrecht, Julie A.
"Application of the IMB Model to the Reported Intake of Fruits and Vegetables of Native American Children,"
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice: Vol. 11:
1, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/jhdrp/vol11/iss1/2