Asian Americans; Diabetes; Hawaiians; Health and race; NHOPI; Pacific Islanders; Psychosocial factors; Self-care; Health; Social networks
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Demography, Population, and Ecology | Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism | Public Health | Race and Ethnicity
This study examined the differences between 207 Asians and Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI) with type 2 diabetes among various psychosocial measures. Responses to five multivariable regression models including the Diabetes Quality of Life Questionnaire (DQOL) and Short Form -36® Health Survey (SF-36) were analyzed. Differences were determined by linear contrasts in the multivariate linear regression models after adjusted for multiple demographic and socioeconomic variables. Compared to Asians, NHOPIs perceived a lower impact of diabetes on their quality of life; highlighting differences in perceptions of self-efficacy and self-care activities. Females did better on their diet while males perceived better social support. Approaches to diabetes treatment decisions should include ethnic and cultural differences that may impact treatment outcomes.
Inouye, Jillian; Li, Dongmei; Davis, James; and Arakaki, Richard
"Ethnic and Gender Differences in Psychosocial Factors in Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islanders, and Asian American Adults with Type 2 Diabetes,"
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice: Vol. 5:
3, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/jhdrp/vol5/iss3/3