RCMAS; Jordanian; Arabic Translation; Test-Retest Reliability


This study examined the acceptability, reliability, and validity of the Arabic translated version of the Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) (Reynolds & Richmond, 1978). This instrument is one of the most widely used instruments for assessing childhood anxiety. It has been demonstrated to be reliable across different gender, racial, and age groups. A cross cultural validation was performed in three phases: Forward-backward translation, pilot testing, and estimation of reliability and validity. A sample of 98 children (19 boys and 79 girls) was recruited from two regular primary schools in Jordan. Analysis showed that the RCMAS possesses satisfactory internal consistency; however, the test-retest reliability over an average of two weeks was lower than desirable.

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