Case Half-Closed: The Hutchins Commission’s Indictment of Pressure Groups for Media Manipulation
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In A Free and Responsible Press (1947), the Commission on Freedom of the Press excoriated the performance of news outlets and laid blame on owners and managers. When the Commission began its work in 1943, though, it focused on an additional culprit. Pressure groups, according to the Commission, were propagandizing, issuing threats, and distorting media coverage. Pressure groups fell off the Commission’s agenda, in part because members and staff were unable to agree on whether the groups were democratic or antidemocratic forces. The Commission missed an opportunity to help shape subsequent debates over the anticommunist blacklists and other forms of nongovernmental media censorship.
Journalism and social change; Journalism history; Political communication
Case Half-Closed: The Hutchins Commission’s Indictment of Pressure Groups for Media Manipulation.