Dynamic Not Isometric Training Blunts Osteo-Renal Disease and Improves the Sclerostin/FGF23/Klotho Axis in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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Journal of Applied Physiology





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This study compared the effectiveness of dynamic resistance training (DRT) versus isometric RT (IRT) on osteogenesis and hormonal mechanisms involved in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. One hundred and ninety-three MHD patients were randomized into three groups: control (CTL) (n = 60), DRT (n = 66), and IRT (n = 67). A first visit was required for an anamnesis to evaluate the number of medications, biochemical, and anthropometric measurements (dialysis adequacy, creatinine, urea, body mass, height, and body mass index). Grip strength, bone mineral density (BMD), and renal-bone markers were assessed pre- and postprotocol. The DRT and IRT training was 6 mo with a frequency of three times per week, on alternate days. Each training session consisted of three sets of 8 to 12 repetitions at lower and moderate intensities. Both training sessions were prescribed approximately 1 h prior to dialysis. Statistical significances were adopted with P < 0.05. There was a greater dropout in the IRT group (24%) as compared with the DRT group (14%), which in turn had less adverse clinical effects (67%, 24%, and 61% for CTL, DRT, and IRT, respectively). DRT promoted gains in BMD in different body locations, in addition to increasing pro-osteogenic factors (Klotho and calcitriol) and reducing those related to bone loss, such as sclerostin, FGF23, and PTH. There was an improvement in Ca PO for DRT, whereas these benefits did not occur in the IRT group (P < 0.05). These novel findings suggest that the DRT generates biopositive adaptations in bone tissue in MHD and can be used as a nonpharmacological strategy to improve BMD. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study shows, for the first time, the effect of dynamic and isometric resistance training on bone mineral density in hemodialysis patients, providing a new understanding of the possible participation of the sclerostin/FGF23/Klotho axis, vitD, PTH, and calcium phosphate product in this process. However, isometric resistance training may not be sufficient to induce these benefits. Therefore, this study supports the potential therapeutic role of dynamic resistance training counteracting chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder. 4 3


Calcitriol; Exercise training; Osteoporosis; PTH; Sclerostin/Klotho/FGF23 axis


Digestive, Oral, and Skin Physiology | Medical Sciences



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