Title

Dietary Strawberries Improve Biomarkers of Antioxidant Status and Endothelial Function in Adults With Cardiometabolic Risks in a Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-29-2021

Publication Title

Antioxidants

Volume

10

Issue

11

Abstract

Strawberries, a popularly consumed berry fruit, are rich in bioactive compounds with antioxidant effects. In this study, we examined the effects of two dietary achievable doses of strawberries on the antioxidant status and biomarkers of endothelial function in adults with features of metabolic syndrome and a confirmed low baseline of fruit and vegetable intake. In a 14-week randomized controlled crossover study, participants were assigned to one of three groups for four weeks separated by a one-week washout period: control powder, one serving (low dose: 13 g strawberry powder/day), or 2.5 servings (high dose: 32 g strawberry powder/day). Blood samples and health data were collected at baseline and at the end of each four-week phase of intervention. Thirty-three participants completed all three phases of the trial. Significant increases were observed in serum antioxidant capacity and superoxide dismutase activity as well as decreases in lipid peroxidation after both low and high dose strawberry phases when compared with the control phase. Significant decreases were also observed in soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and tumor necrosis factor-α with the high dose strawberry phase. These data confirm that consuming strawberries for four weeks significantly improves antioxidant status, endothelial function, and inflammation in adults with cardiometabolic risks.

Keywords

Adhesion molecules; Antioxidant status; Cardiometabolic; Strawberries; Superoxide dismutase

Disciplines

Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition

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