European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
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Introduction: With the increase in participation by older adults in endurance events, research is needed to evaluate how exercising throughout the lifespan can afect the aging process regarding gait and mobility. The purpose of this study was to determine how the type of exercise modality one participates in will affect age-related declines observed during running.
Methods: Fifty-six individuals between the ages of 18–65 who considered running, resistance training or cycling/ swimming as their primary form of activity participated in this study. Kinematics were captured using a 10-camera motion capture system while participants ran at a controlled pace of 3.5 m/s (±5%) over a 10-m runway with force platforms collecting kinetic data. Eight successful trials were chosen for analysis. A one-way ANOVA assessed differences in mean kinematic and kinetic variables of interest between physical activity groups (α=0.05).
Results: Older resistance trainers exhibited greater maximal knee power compared to older runners. No other group differences were observed.
Conclusion: Despite type of exercise modality, regularly participating in exercise has positive effects. This is evident through the preservation of the function of the lower extremity with age, specifcally function of the ankle, and its contribution to healthy movement patterns.
Gait; Kinematics; Kinetics; Aging; Physical activity
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Dufek, J. S.,
Radzak, K. N.,
Freedman Silvernail, J.
The Effect of Exercise Modality on Age-related Changes Observed During Running.
European Review of Aging and Physical Activity.