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This report summarizes the Professional Judgment (PJ) Study conducted by Augenblick, Palaich, and Associates (APA) for the Lincy Institute at University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). The Institute commissioned the PJ study as part of a review of Nevada’s school funding system. The review called for studies like this one to update the 2006 Nevada education funding adequacy study. This current study is an adequacy study examining the base cost and adjustments needed for students in Nevada to meet state standards. In the early 1990s, states began to implement Standards-­‐Based Reform in education. By implementing Standards-­‐Based Reform, states set standards for students, teachers, schools, and districts. States then use tests and other measures to evaluate success in reaching these standards. Accountability systems have been created by states to hold schools and districts accountable for performance. Adequacy studies examine the resources needed for students, schools, and districts to meet state expectations. A number of approaches have been developed to examine these resource needs. In this particular study, APA utilizes the PJ approach, described below, to study adequacy, meaning the resources needed to ensure all students can be successful. The Lincy Institute also commissioned another team of researchers to conduct a study using the cost function approach. Those findings are reported separately.


Nevada schools; Education standards; School funding


Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Education Economics

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