University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Center for Academic Enrichment and Outreach
Children are called to give testimony for highly emotional during court cases. Research indicates that children in a negative emotional state recall with lesser vividness (Berliner et al. 2003) and are more likely to incorporate false information (Levine, Burgess & Laney, 2008). The present study will examine this further by examining the influence of negative and positive emotional states on recall and recognition in child-normed lists within the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. The DRM paradigm is a cognitive task that relies on gist memory for remembrance of the critical lure in semantically associated word lists. It is expected that the eight year old children in a negative emotional state will have greater occurrences of false memory than the five year old children in either emotional state and eight year old children in a positive emotional state. Implications for the results will indicate that child eye witnesses may attempt to accommodate during testimony by assenting to leading questions or elaborating the details of event to fill in the gaps of a traumatic memory.
Child witnesses; Children; Emotions in children; False memory syndrome; Memory in children; Recollection (Psychology)
Behavioral Disciplines and Activities | Other Mental and Social Health | Other Psychiatry and Psychology | Physiological Processes | Psychiatric and Mental Health
Children's emotional state and false memory in the DRM paradigm.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/mcnair_posters/8