Experimental Investigation of Concurrent Two-Phase Flow in a Vertical Rectangular Channel

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Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering





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New time averaged data of two-phase flow in bubbly and slug regimes are presented. A modified dual spherical tipped optical fiber probe is used to measure local void fractions, gas velocity and bubble sizes. Hot film anemometry was used to measure the local mean liquid velocity axially. The void fraction, gas and liquid velocities values were presented as averages over the long and short dimensions respectively. Also core values of these variables are presented along the smaller dimension of 12.7 mm, near the plane of symmetry of the longer dimension, to show the most general trend of the different bubbly and slug flow runs. Bubble sizes obtained experimentally were compared with predictive models applied to circular geometries and were found to have a reasonable agreement. It was also interesting to find that local void fractions measured using hot film anemometers were comparable to those found by optical fiber probes.

Frequencies of interfacial passage of bubbles and slugs are presented which show rather flat profiles across the channel. It is hoped that these data can be further used in predictive two-phase two-fluid models in the future. Lastly of interest is the fact that slip values near the boundaries were shown to be less than 1.0 for some cases in bubbly flow similar to those observed in circular geometries.


Axial flow; Gas-liquid cocurrent flow; Rectangular channel; Two-phase flow; Two-phase vertical flow


Acoustics, Dynamics, and Controls | Aerodynamics and Fluid Mechanics | Engineering Physics | Fluid Dynamics | Mechanical Engineering




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