Searching for a new ionomer for 3D printable ionic polymer-metal composites: Aquivion as a candidate
Smart Materials and Structures
The work presented in this paper introduces Aquivion as a potential candidate for additive manufacturing of ionomeric polymers for the application of IPMCs. First, Aquivion was characterized and compared with Nafion to show that it has the similar qualities, with the major difference being the ionic conductivity. Ionic polymer-metal composites (IPMCs) were fabricated using off-the-shelf membranes of Nafion and Aquivion. The actuation tests showed improved performance for an IPMC with Aquivion as the base compared to an IPMC with a Nafion base. With these results in mind, additive manufacturing of unique shapes using Aquivion filament was studied. A 3D printer was modified to work with Aquivion filament and the polymer was printed into various shapes. Using the printed membranes, IPMCs were fabricated using an electroless plating process. Nafion-based and printed Aquivion-based IPMCs were tested for their performance in back relaxation, frequency driven actuation, blocking force, and mechano-electric sensing. The printed Aquivion-based IPMCs performed comparably to Nafion-based IPMC in back relaxation and showed significantly improved performance in frequency driven actuation, blocking force generation, and mechano-electric sensing. © 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Kim, K. J.
Searching for a new ionomer for 3D printable ionic polymer-metal composites: Aquivion as a candidate.
Smart Materials and Structures, 26(11),