Title

A Study of Mechanoelectrical Transduction Behavior in Polyvinyl Chloride (Pvc) Gel as Smart Sensors

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2022

Publication Title

Smart Materials and Structures

Volume

31

Issue

1

Abstract

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gels are soft electroactive polymers (EAPs) being researched for soft robotic applications. Sensing properties of these EAPs have not been investigated in detail in regard to fundamental mechanoelectrical transduction behavior, but this smart material has been shown to exhibit a detectable response to external stimuli. This study shows PVC gels to be an extremely sensitive material when undergoing mechanoelectrical transduction and explores some response dependencies and proposes a theoretical framework for mechanoelectrical transduction within the gel. The work presented here also uncovers a very interesting phenomena under extremely low compressive loads during the initial contact with the gel. This phenomenon is attributed to a surface tension creeping motion onto the loading surface with an accompanying polarity inversion in the sensing signal relative to fully loaded gels in compression. Experimental work on hysteresis was also completed showing very little memory in steady state mechanoelectrical response to repeated stepped loading cycles. This study demonstrates the mechanoelectric ability of PVC gels to perform in sensing experiments and acts as a fundamental framework to further broaden the applications of PVC gel sensors.

Keywords

Electroactive polymers; Mechanoelectrical transduction; Polyvinyl chloride (Pvc) Gels

Disciplines

Polymer and Organic Materials | Polymer Science

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