The Effects of Electrostatic Correlations on the Ionic Current Rectification in Conical Nanopores
First page number:
Last page number:
Ion‐ion electrostatic correlations are recognized to play a significant role in the presence of concentrated multivalent electrolytes. To account for their impact on ionic current rectification phenomenon in conical nanopores, we use the modified continuum Poisson‐Nernst‐Planck (PNP) equations by Bazant et al. Coupled with the Stokes equations, the effects of the EOF are also included. We thoroughly investigate the dependence of the ionic current rectification ratios as a function of the double layer thickness and the electrostatic correlation length. By considering the electrostatic correlations, the modified PNP model successfully captures the ionic current rectification reversal in nanopores filled with lanthanum chloride LaCl3. This finding qualitatively agrees with the experimental observations that cannot be explained by the standard PNP model, suggesting that ion‐ion electrostatic correlations are responsible for this reversal behavior. The modified PNP model not only can be used to explain the experiments, but also go beyond to provide a design tool for nanopore applications involving multivalent electrolytes.
Current rectification reversal; Electrostatic correlations; Nanopore
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
The Effects of Electrostatic Correlations on the Ionic Current Rectification in Conical Nanopores.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/me_presentations/4