International credentialing and immigration of nurses to the United States: CGFNS

Document Type



Nurses have always been a part of the immigration history of the United States. As historical documents suggested, the Pilgrims had a nurse to care for the sick, and she came with them to Plymouth in 1620 (Goodnow, 1950). After the Second World War, nurses from other countries came to the United States in increasing numbers to further their education and to seek career opportunities. This was particularly true after the revisions of the Immigration and Naturalization Act (INA) in 1965, 1970, 1986, and 1990. The purpose of this article is to examine the policies, procedures, and standards of the Commission on Graduates of Foreign Nursing Schools (CGFNS) with regard to the credentialing of foreign nurse graduates (FNGs) in the national and international contexts.


Nurses – Supply and demand; Nurses; Foreign – Education; Nurses; Foreign – Licensing; United States


Nursing | Other Nursing


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