Trended profile of internationally educated nurses in the U.S.: Implications for the nurse shortage and beyond

Document Type



Foreign nurses help relieve cyclic US nurse shortages by augmenting the nurse workforce. The latest National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses (NSSRN) estimated that about 4% of the 2.7 million US registered nurses were internationally educated nurses (IENs). With an intensifying nurse shortage in the United States, IENs are again become a hot commodity. To use IENs effectively, it is imperative to understand this unique part of the registered nurses' work-force. However, there is very limited information on IENs in the United States. In fact, published national data on IENs are virtually nonexistent. This study filled some of the data gaps by examining the trends of demographical, educational, and employment characteristics of IENs using NSSRN conducted during 1977-2000.


Nurses; Foreign; Nurses—Supply and demand; United States


Nursing | Nursing Administration


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