Trials and Tribulations of the Modern View of the Universe-Copernicanism, Galileo, and the Church
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In 1543, Copernicus elaborated quantitatively the geokinetic view of the universe. In 1589-1609, Galileo pursued it indirectly, through his new physics. After his telescopic discoveries, in 1609-1615, Galileo re-assessed it as more probable than geocentrism. In 1616, the Catholic Church condemned the doctrine and banned Copernican books. In 1632, Galileo’s Dialogue robustly defended it. In 1632-1633, the Roman Inquisition re-censured it by trying and condemning Galileo. For the past four centuries, the Church has gradually assimilated it. These developments imply valuable lessons, about whether science and religion are incompatible, and how Galileo is a model of rationality.
Finocchiaro, M. A.
Trials and Tribulations of the Modern View of the Universe-Copernicanism, Galileo, and the Church.