Physical Review B
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Binary borides has been a subject of extensive research. However, the exact compositions and crystal structures of sodium borides remained controversial. Here, using the ab initio variable-composition evolutionary algorithm, a new stable Na2B30 with I212121 symmetry (I212121-Na2B30) is found, which is -7.38meV/atom lower in energy than the Imma-Na2B30 structure reported by experimentalists. Interestingly, the Imma-Na2B30 structure is predicted to be a topological nodal line semimetal, which may result in superior electronic transport. In contrast, I212121-Na2B30 is an ultrahard semiconductor with an unprecedented open-framework structure, whose interstitial helical boron sublattice enhances its hardness and energetic stability.
Band gap; First-principles calculations; Hardness; Complex materials; Node-line semimetals; Single crystal materials
Condensed Matter Physics | Physics
Oganov, A. R.,
Predicting the Ground-state Structure of Sodium Boride.
Physical Review B, 97(10),