Unraveling the Structure and Bonding Evolution of the Newly Discovered Iron Oxide FeO2
Recently reported synthesis of FeO2 at high pressure has stimulated great interest in exploring this new iron oxide and elucidating its properties. Here, we present a systematic computational study of crystal structure, chemical bonding, and sound velocity of FeO2 in a wide range of pressure. Our results establish thermodynamic stability of the experimentally observed pyrite phase (P-phase) of FeO2 at pressures above 74 GPa and unveil two metastable FeO2 phases in Pbcn and P4(2)/mnm symmetry at lower pressures. Simulated x-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra of Pbcn and P4(2)/mnm FeO2 match well with measured XRD data of the decompression products of P-phase FeO2, providing compelling evidence for the presence of these metastable phases. Energetic calculations reveal unusually soft O-O bonds in P-phase FeO2 stemming from a low-frequency libration mode of FeO6 octahedra, rendering the O-O bond length highly sensitive to computational and physical environments. Calculated sound-velocity profiles of P-phase FeO2 are markedly different from those of the Pbcn and P4(2)/mnm phases, underscoring their distinct seismic signatures. Our findings offer insights for understanding the rich structural, bonding, and elastic behaviors of this newly discovered iron oxide.