Astrophysical Journal Letters
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In most astrophysical processes involving synchrotron radiation, the pitch-angle distribution of the electrons is assumed to be isotropic. However, if electrons are accelerated anisotropically, e.g., in a relativistic shock wave with an ordered magnetic field or in magnetic reconnection regions, the electron pitch angles might be anisotropic. In this Letter, we study synchrotron radiation from electrons with a pitch-angle distribution with respect to a large-scale uniform magnetic field. Assuming that the pitch-angle distribution is normal with a scatter of σ p and that the viewing direction is where the pitch-angle direction peaks, we find that for electrons with a Lorentz factor γ, the observed flux satisfies F ν ∝ ν 2/3 for ν ν cr (ν cr is the critical frequency of synchrotron), if σ p 1/γ is satisfied. On the other hand, if σ p 1/γ, the spectrum below ν cr is a broken power law with a break frequency , e.g., for ν ν br and for . Thus, the ultimate synchrotron line of death is F ν ∝ ν 2/3. We discuss the application of this theory to blazars and gamma-ray bursts.
Radiation mechanisms: Non-thermal
Astrophysics and Astronomy
Synchrotron Radiation from Electrons with a Pitch-angle Distribution.
Astrophysical Journal Letters, 864(1),