Title

Electrides with Dinitrogen Ligands

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-15-2019

Publication Title

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces

Volume

11

Issue

5

First page number:

5256

Last page number:

5263

Abstract

Electrides are a class of materials which contain excess electrons occupying the cavities in the crystal and playing the role of anions. To achieve electron-rich conditions, it usually requires a positive total formal charge in electride materials. However, the assignment of charges relies on a detailed analysis on chemical bonding. Herein, we present a survey on potential electrides which may be overlooked if no bonding analysis is performed. By applying various structure sampling techniques in conjunction with first-principles calculation, we predicted two compounds Ba2N2:e– and Li2Ca3N6:2e–, both of which are featured by the presence of dinitrogen ligands [N2], to be potential electrides. While Li2Ca3N6:2e– with [N2]2– ions has been synthesized in the past, its electride nature was discovered for the first time based on our high-throughput screening. On the other hand, Ba2N2:e– with [N2]3– ions is a new compound entirely from first-principles structure prediction. The different valence states of dinitrogen ligands identified in these two compounds suggest a novel route to tune the concentration and anisotropic properties of anionic interstitial electrons. Our discovery does not only establish a new class of inorganic electrides but also demonstrates the predictive power of modern crystal structure sampling techniques toward rational material design.

Keywords

Catalysis; Crystal structure prediction; Electride; High-throughput calculation; Polyatomic anions

Disciplines

Physical Chemistry | Physical Processes

Language

English

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