Title

Probing Disorder in High-Pressure Cubic Tin (Iv) Oxide: A Combined X-Ray Diffraction and Absorption Study

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-14-2019

Publication Title

Journal of Synchrotron Radiation

Volume

26

Issue

4

Abstract

The transparent conducting oxide, SnO2, is a promising optoelectronic material with predicted tailorable properties via pressure-mediated band gap opening. While such electronic properties are typically modeled assuming perfect crystallinity, disordering of the O sublattice under pressure is qualitatively known. Here a quantitative approach is thus employed, combining extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy with X-ray diffraction, to probe the extent of Sn—O bond anharmonicities in the high-pressure cubic (Pa\bar{3}) SnO2 – formed as a single phase and annealed by CO2 laser heating to 2648 ± 41 K at 44.5 GPa. This combinational study reveals and quantifies a large degree of disordering in the O sublattice, while the Sn lattice remains ordered. Moreover, this study describes implementation of direct laser heating of non-metallic samples by CO2 laser alongside EXAFS, and the high quality of data which may be achieved at high pressures in a diamond anvil cell when appropriate thermal annealing is applied.

Keywords

Extreme conditions; EXAFS; XRD; Laser heating; SnO2; Diamond anvil cell; High pressure

Disciplines

Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics | Instrumentation | Physical Processes | Physics

Language

English

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