Title

The Shallow Decay Segment of GRB X-Ray Afterglow Revisited

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-24-2019

Publication Title

Astrophysical Journal

Volume

883

Issue

97

First page number:

1

Last page number:

22

Abstract

Based on the early-year observations from Neil Gehrels Swift Observatory, Liang et al. performed a systematic analysis for the shallow decay component of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) X-ray afterglow, in order to explore its physical origin. Here we revisit the analysis with an updated sample (with Swift/XRT GRBs between 2004 February and 2017 July). We find that with a larger sample, (1) the distributions of the characteristic properties of the shallow decay phase (e.g., tb , SX, ΓX,1, and αX,1) still accord with normal or lognormal distribution; (2) ΓX1 and Γγ still show no correlation, but the tentative correlations of durations, energy fluences, and isotropic energies between the gamma-ray and X-ray phases still exist; (3) for most GRBs, there is no significant spectral evolution between the shallow decay segment and its follow-up segment, and the latter is usually consistent with the external-shock models; (4) assuming that the central engine has a power-law luminosity release history as L(t)=L0(t/t0)^-q, we find that the value q is mainly distributed between −0.5 and 0.5, with an average value of 0.16 ± 0.12; (5) the tentative correlation between E(iso,X) and t'b disappears, so that the global three-parameter correlation (E(iso,X)-E'(p)-t'(b)) becomes less significant; (6) the anticorrelation between LX and t'b and the three-parameter correlation (E(iso,y)-L(X)-t(b)) indeed exist with a high confidence level. Overall, our results are generally consistent with Liang et al., confirming their suggestion that the shallow decay segment in most bursts is consistent with an external forward shock origin, probably due to a continuous energy injection from a long-lived central engine.

Keywords

Gamma-ray burst: general

Disciplines

Nuclear | Physics

Language

English

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