Physical Review B
American Physical Society
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Bismuth iodide Bi4I4 exhibits intricate crystal structures and topological insulating states that are highly susceptible to influence by environments, making its physical properties highly tunable by external conditions. In this work, we study the evolution of structural and electronic properties of Bi4I4 at high pressure using an advanced structure search method in conjunction with first-principles calculations. Our results indicate that the most stable ambient-pressure monoclinic α−Bi4I4 phase in C2/m symmetry transforms to a trigonal P31c structure (ɛ−Bi4I4) at 8.4 GPa, then to a tetragonal P4/mmm structure (ζ−Bi4I4) above 16.6 GPa. In contrast to the semiconducting nature of ambient-pressure Bi4I4, the two high-pressure phases are metallic, in agreement with reported electrical measurements. The ɛ−Bi4I4 phase exhibits distinct ionic states of Iδ− and (Bi4I3)δ + (δ=0.4123 e), driven by a pressure-induced volume reduction. We show that both ɛ- and ζ−Bi4I4 are superconductors, and the emergence of pressure-induced superconductivity might be intimately linked to the underlying structural phase transitions.
Physical Sciences and Mathematics | Physics
First-principles Study of High-Pressure Phase Stability and Superconductivity of Bi4I4.
Physical Review B, 100(22),
American Physical Society.