GW Ori: Interactions between a Triple-star System and Its Circumtriple Disk in Action
Astrophysical Journal Letters
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GW Ori is a hierarchical triple system with a rare circumtriple disk. We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of 1.3 mm dust continuum and 12CO J = 2 − 1 molecular gas emission of the disk. For the first time, we identify three dust rings in the GW Ori disk at ~46, 188, and 338 au, with estimated dust mass of 74, 168, and 245 Earth masses, respectively. To our knowledge, its outermost ring is the largest dust ring ever found in protoplanetary disks. We use visibility modeling of dust continuum to show that the disk has misaligned parts, and the innermost dust ring is eccentric. The disk misalignment is also suggested by the CO kinematics. We interpret these substructures as evidence of ongoing dynamical interactions between the triple stars and the circumtriple disk.
Protoplanetary disks; Planet formation; Circumstellar matter; Pre-main sequence stars
Stars, Interstellar Medium and the Galaxy
van der Marel, N.,
Martin, R. G.,
Smallwood, J. L.,
Liu, H. B.,
Kanagawa, K. D.,
Sitko, M. L.,
Takahashi, S. Z.,
GW Ori: Interactions between a Triple-star System and Its Circumtriple Disk in Action.
Astrophysical Journal Letters, 895(1),