The Evolution of a Newborn Millisecond Magnetar With a Propeller-Recycling Disk
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© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. A rapidly rotating and highly magnetized neutron star (NS) could be formed from explosive phenomena such as superluminous supernovae and gamma-ray bursts. This newborn NS can substantially influence the emission of these explosive transients through its spin-down. The spin-down evolution of the NS can sometimes be affected by fallback accretion, although it is usually regulated by the magnetic dipole radiation and gravitational wave radiation of the NS. Under appropriate conditions, the accreting material can be first ejected and subsequently recycled back, so that the accretion disk can remain in a quasi-steady state for a long time. Here we describe the interaction of the NS with such a propeller-recycling disk and their coevolution. Our result shows that the spin-down of the NS can be initially dominated by the propeller, which prevents the disk material from falling onto the NS until hundreds or thousands of seconds later. It is suggested that the abrupt fall of the disk material onto the NS could significantly suppress the magnetic dipole radiation and then convert the NS from a normal magnetar to a low-field magnetar. This evolution behavior of the newborn NS can help us understand the very different influence of the NS on the early GRB afterglows and the late supernova/kilonova emission.
Stars, Interstellar Medium and the Galaxy
The Evolution of a Newborn Millisecond Magnetar With a Propeller-Recycling Disk.
Astrophysical Journal, 907(2),