Enhanced ionic conductivity with Li7O2Br3 phase in Li3OBr anti-perovskite solid electrolyte

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Cubic anti-perovskites with general formula Li3OX (X = Cl, Br, I) were recently reported as superionic conductors with the potential for use as solid electrolytes in all-solid-state lithium ion batteries. These electrolytes are nonflammable, low-cost, and suitable for thermoplastic processing. However, the primary obstacle of its practical implementation is the relatively low ionic conductivity at room temperature. In this work, we synthesized a composite material consisting of two anti-perovskite phases, namely, cubic Li3OBr and layered Li7O2Br3, by solid state reaction routes. The results indicate that with the phase fraction of Li7O2Br3 increasing to 44 wt. %, the ionic conductivity increased by more than one order of magnitude compared with pure phase Li3OBr. Formation energy calculations revealed the meta-stable nature of Li7O2Br3, which supports the great difficulty in producing phase-pure Li7O2Br3 at ambient pressure. Methods of obtaining phase-pure Li7O2Br3 will continue to be explored, including both high pressure and metathesis techniques. © 2016 Author(s).

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