Title

Eccentric Dust-ring Formation in Kozai-Lidov Gas Disks

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-20-2022

Publication Title

Astrophysical Journal Letters

Volume

925

Issue

1

Abstract

A highly misaligned gas disk around one component of a binary star system can undergo global Kozai-Lidov (KL) oscillations for which the disk inclination and eccentricity are exchanged. With hydrodynamical simulations of a gas and dust disk we explore the effects of these oscillations on the dust density distribution. For dust that is marginally coupled to the gas (St ≈ 1), we find that the dust undergoes dynamical behavior similar to that of the gas disk but the radial distribution of dust may be very different from that of the gas. The inward radial drift of the dust is faster in an eccentric disk leading to a smaller outer dust disk radius. The dust breaks into multiple narrow eccentric rings during the highly eccentric disk phase. Eccentric dust-ring formation may have significant implications for the formation of planets in misaligned disks. We suggest that multiple dust rings may generally occur within gas disks that have sufficiently strong eccentricity peaks at intermediate radii.

Controlled Subject

Hydrodynamics; Gas distribution

Disciplines

Astrophysics and Astronomy

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