Gender, Employment Status, and Abortion: A Longitudinal Analysis

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Building upon extant literature, we examine the influence gender and employment status exert on abortion attitudes among the mass public. Specifically, we assess if men, employed women, and homemaker women view the abortion issue differently and if the same factors account for variation in each group's attitudes toward abortion. Analysis of General Social Survey data from 1973 to 2000 indicates that although homemaker women tend to be more “pro-life” than do men or working women, the attitudes of all 3 groups exhibit similar changes over time. In addition, our results suggest that the same variables account for variation in abortion attitudes for all 3 groups. Our results suggest that the causes and effects of abortion attitudes do not appear to be gender-specific, but rather are relatively uniform across genders and employment statuses.


Abortion; Abortion—attitudes; Employment; Feminism; Gender equality; Reproductive rights; Women; Women--Employment; Women’s rights


American Politics | Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Political Science | Women's Studies

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