Revised: Factorial invariance and latent means differences across gender and age in spanish children
Frontiers in Psychology
First page number:
The aim of this study was to analyze the factorial invariance and latent means differences of the Spanish version of the School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised for Children (SRAS-R-C) in a sample of 1,078 students (50.8% boys) aged 8-11 years (M = 9.63, SD = 1.12). The results revealed that the proposed model in this study, with a structure of 18 items divided into four factors (Negative Affective, Social Aversion and/or Evaluation, To Pursue Attention and Tangible Reinforcements), was the best-fit model with a tetra-factorial structure, remaining invariant across gender and age. Analysis of latent means differences indicated that boys and 11-year-old students scored highest on the Tangible Reinforcements subscale compared with their 8-and 9-year-old peers. On the contrary, for the subscales of Social Aversion and/or Evaluation and to Pursue Attention, the differences were significant and higher in younger age groups compared to 11-year-olds. Appropriate indexes of reliability were obtained for SRAS-R-C subscales (0.70, 0.79, 0.87, and 0.72). Finally, the founded correlation coefficients of scores of the SRAS-R-C revealed a predictable pattern between school refusal and positive/negative affect and optimism/pessimism. © 2016 Gonzálvez, Inglés, Kearney, Vicent, Sanmartín and García-Fernández.
Factorial invariance; Latent means differences; Primary education; School refusal; SRAS-R-C; Validation
Cándido, J. I.,
García-Fernández, J. M.
Revised: Factorial invariance and latent means differences across gender and age in spanish children.
Frontiers in Psychology, 7(DEC),