Title

Maladaptive perfectionism and depression and state-trait anxiety: A mediational analysis with self-esteem

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2017

Publication Title

Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology

Volume

36

Issue

4

First page number:

346

Last page number:

357

Abstract

Perfectionism refers to a strong need to perform at a flawless level and has been linked to positive and negative outcomes depending on its adaptive or maladaptive nature. Models of maladaptive perfectionism often focus on low self-worth or self-esteem, though mediational findings have been few in number and not presented in depth. The present study focused on more detailed mediational analyses that involved separate examinations of gender as well as specific aspects of depression and anxiety to clarify the role of self-esteem as a potential mediator. Findings revealed full mediation regarding self-esteem only for men and only for depression and trait anxiety. Post hoc analyses revealed these mediation effects were specific to two aspects of perfectionism: Concern over mistakes (depression and trait anxiety) and parental criticism (trait anxiety). Potential pathways from maladaptive perfectionism to depression and trait anxiety in men may thus include variables that influence self-esteem. Such variables may include dysphoria, shame, self-consciousness, low frustration tolerance, and low self-efficacy, among others. © 2017 Guilford Publications, Inc.

Language

english

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