Title

Sociocultural and Identity Predictors of Body Dissatisfaction in Ethnically Diverse College Women

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-20-2015

Publication Title

Body Image

Volume

16

First page number:

32

Last page number:

40

Abstract

Emerging research suggests that ethnic identity and American identity are associated with mental health in ethnic minorities and European Americans, respectively. Furthermore, although ethnic identity is associated with diminished body dissatisfaction in minority women, the relationship between American identity and body dissatisfaction is unexplored in all ethnic groups. Accordingly, this study examined the relationships among ethnic identity, American identity, thin-ideal internalization, pressures for thinness, and body dissatisfaction in 1018 ethnically diverse college women. Ethnic identity negatively predicted body dissatisfaction for African Americans, and attenuated the relationship between pressures for thinness and body dissatisfaction for African Americans and Asian Americans, but not European Americans or Latina Americans. Results for American identity were inconclusive. Findings suggest that ethnic identity may be a protective factor against eating pathology for Asian American and African American women.

Keywords

Ethnic identityAmerican identityThin-ideal internalizationPressures for thinnessBody dissatisfactionEthnicity

Disciplines

Social Psychology

Language

English

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