Title

English and Spanish Versions of the Body Shape Questionnaire: Measurement Equivalence Across Ethnicity and Clinical Status

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-12-2007

Publication Title

International Journal of Eating Disorders

Volume

41

Issue

3

First page number:

265

Last page number:

272

Abstract

Objective: We evaluated the psychometric properties and measurement equivalence of various forms of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) (Cooper et al., Int J Eat Disord, 6, 485‐494, 1987) in American and Spanish women with and without an eating disorder diagnosis. Method: Participants included four groups of women: Euro‐American (n = 505), Hispanic‐American (n = 151), and Spanish (n = 445) females without an eating disorder and Spanish women being treated for an eating disorder (n = 177). Results: Single and multigroup confirmatory factor analyses using maximum likelihood estimation with robust standard errors tested the data for configural and metric invariance. Goodness‐of‐fit statistics indicated that the original and all alternate forms of the BSQ fit the data well across groups. Most factor loadings were similar across groups. We also developed a 10‐item version that appeared to be invariant across groups. Conclusion: Results strongly support configural invariance and offer some support for metric invariance. © 2007 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 2008

Keywords

Body shape questionnaire; Body image; Eating disorders; Cross cultural assessment; Cross-linguistic assessment; Spain; Spanish

Disciplines

Social Psychology

Language

English

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