Title

Affective Modulation of the Startle Eyeblink and Postauricular Reflexes in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-5-2010

Publication Title

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

Volume

40

Issue

7

First page number:

858

Last page number:

869

Abstract

Eyeblink and postauricular reflexes to standardized affective images were examined in individuals without (n = 37) and with (n = 20) autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Affective reflex modulation in control participants replicated previous findings. The ASD group, however, showed anomalous reflex modulation patterns, despite similar self-report ratings of pictures. Specifically, the ASD group demonstrated exaggerated eyeblink responses to pleasant images and exaggerated postauricular responses to unpleasant images. Although ASD is often conceptualized in terms of specific deficits in affective responding in the social domain, the present results suggest a domain-general pattern of deficits in affective processing and that such deficits may arise at an early phase in the stream of information processing.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder; Affective startle modulation; Eyeblink; Postauricular

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences | Other Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychiatry and Psychology

Language

English

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