From the couch to the keyboard: Psychotherapy in cyberspace

Document Type



In this chapter we review research on computerized automated psychotherapy, computer-mediated therapy, and computer-created virtual realities for therapy. We discuss the different theoretical, practical, and ethical issues that result from computer involvement in the psychotherapeutic process. One central focus to our discussion is the ability of computer technology to support a therapeutic alliance. To the extent this is possible, we believe that computerized psychotherapy will be successful therapeutically. Moreover, the attempts to create suitable forms of computerized psychotherapy will provide us with novel experimental opportunities to investigate the necessary elements required in therapeutic relationships.


Internet in psychotherapy; Mental health counseling; Psychology; Applied; Virtual reality therapy


Counseling Psychology | Health Psychology | Medicine and Health | Psychiatry and Psychology | Psychology


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