Award Date

1-1-1999

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

First Committee Member

Bryan L. Spangelo

Number of Pages

79

Abstract

The development of an interleukin-6 (IL-6) enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) assay resulted in a detection range of 1 ng/m1 to 10 ng/mL IL-6. The limit of detection (LOD) for IL-6 was 0.25 ng/mL. Troubleshooting techniques were attempted including matrix effects, non-specific binding, and coating buffer pH differences. In comparison to the ELISA, the LOD for IL-6 using the 7TD1 bioassay was 2--5 pg/mL. Therefore the 7TD1 bioassay was implemented for the experiments described in this study. IL-6 is a cytokine known to stimulate B-cell differentiation and to activate T-cells. IL-6 is elevated in inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) stimulates IL-6 release from glial cells. Catecholamines and IL-1beta synergistically release IL-6 from glial cells. In the rat C6 glioma cell line, the role of indoleamines was examined alone and in combination with IL-1beta resulting in no synergistic effects on IL-6 release. Isoproterenol synergistically acted with IL-1beta on stimulating IL-6 release. IL-1 receptor antagonist decreased the IL-1beta stimulation of IL-6. These results demonstrate that the catecholamines and IL-1beta play a role in the regulation of IL-6 expression.

Keywords

Detection; Development; Elisa; Glial; Interleukin; Novel; Release

Controlled Subject

Biochemistry; Cellular biology; Neurosciences

File Format

pdf

File Size

2027.52 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/5wrk-tjvu


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