Award Date

1-1-2002

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Mathematical Sciences

First Committee Member

Sandra N. Catlin

Number of Pages

67

Abstract

Current research suggested a relationship between alcohol availability and problems, including suicide, and car accidents. However, the relationship between alcohol availability and alcohol related hospital admissions, such as acute intoxication and liver damage, has not been widely explored. Measuring alcohol availability by alcohol outlet density and using data for alcohol related hospital admissions in the city of Chicago, a Poisson regression analysis determined that neighborhoods with a higher percentage of African-Americans, higher poverty level, and a greater density of alcohol outlets had a greater number of alcohol related hospital admissions than other neighborhoods. To control for individual level characteristics, a generalized linear mixed model was fit using Markov Chain Monte Carlo. The likelihood of a hospital admission being alcohol related was higher in neighborhoods with a greater number of alcohol outlets. These findings suggest that increased regulation of alcohol outlet licensing may help reduce alcohol related hospital admissions.

Keywords

Admissions; Alcohol; Analysis; Availability; Chicago; City; Hospital; Illinois; Related; Relationship

Controlled Subject

Statistics; Public health; Demography

Disciplines

Higher Education

File Format

pdf

File Size

1.98 MB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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