Award Date

1-1-2003

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Committee Member

William Culbreth

Number of Pages

96

Abstract

Curium and americium pose special problems in the chemical preparation of spent nuclear fuel for transmutation. Once separated from the other minor actinides, the isotopes can lead to nuclear fission with the subsequent release of a large amount of radiation. A neutron criticality code was used to determine the effective neutron multiplication factor for varying quantities of curium and americium oxide held within spherical or cylindrical containers. These geometries were investigated both in air and in water. Recommendations are made on the maximum amount of curium and americium oxide that can be safely stored or handled before encountering nuclear criticality; Several isotopes of curium and americium also generate a significant amount of heat by radioactive decay. If kilogram quantities are stored in a container, for example, the material may heat to an equilibrium temperature that exceeds its melting temperature. The heat generation of curium and americium present even more restriction on the mass of that can safely be contained in one location. Heat generation was analyzed to determine safe quantities for handling and storage.

Keywords

Actinides; Analyses; Criticality; Separated; Thermal; Transmutation

Controlled Subject

Nuclear engineering; Mechanical engineering

File Format

pdf

File Size

4075.52 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/focb-18le


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