Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Mechanical Engineering

Number of Pages



The objective of the thesis is to study the effects of termination of an air duct on the acoustic response characteristics of the elements in the duct system. The end reflections due to the mis-match of the acoustic impedance at the termination affect the acoustic characteristics of the duct elements; The ducts of the duct system, terminating into atmosphere abruptly, like the HVAC ducts with diffusers, provide reflective termination. With this type of termination much of the sound energy in lower frequencies is reflected. This sets up standing sound waves inside the duct. The analytical methods to calculate the insertion-loss, noise reduction consider single reflection only inside the duct. Because of that, the analytical values of the insertion-loss and noise reduction do not match the experimental values well. When an anechoic termination is provided there will not be any reflections from the termination. This reduces the formation of standing sound waves on the downstream side of the acoustic element. This improves the agreement between the analytical and experimental values; The effect of termination on the acoustic characteristics of the duct elements was studied using a simple expansion chamber. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).


Acoustic; Characteristics; Duct; Effects; Element; Impedance; Responses; Source; Termination

Controlled Subject

Mechanical engineering; Automobiles--Design and construction

File Format


File Size

3553.28 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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