Award Date

1-1-1991

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Anthropology

First Committee Member

Sheilagh Brooks

Number of Pages

240

Abstract

Human skeletal remains from the prehistoric Parowan Fremont, Virgin Anasazi, and Kayenta Anasazi cultural traditions are examined, to quantify differences in skeletal parameters and burial practices. Statistical comparisons show no significant differences in skeletal metric traits among the 125 individuals studied; While most individuals examined were healthy, the prevalence of periostitis, osteitis, and linear enamel hypoplasia was found to be highest among Virgin Anasazi individuals. Two other pathologies, porotic hyperostosis and cribra orbitalia, were most common among the Kayenta sample and least among the Parowan Fremont sample; From literature review and new data, much variability was found in mortuary practices. Unique practices were recognized such as red skeletal pigmentation (Parowan Fremont), roofed graves (Kayenta Anasazi), and the inclusion of shell ornaments (Virgin Anasazi). There is no evidence that burial practices of the Coombs Site Kayenta people were more like the Virgin Anasazi than the Parowan Fremont.

Keywords

Analysis; Anasazi; Archaeological; Arizona; Comparative; Fremont; Human; Kayenta; Nevada; Parowan; Remains; Sites; Skeletal; Utah; Virgin

Controlled Subject

Archaeology; Physical anthropology; Indians of North America--Study and teaching

Disciplines

Higher Education

File Format

pdf

File Size

9.82 MB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

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