Award Date

1-1-2005

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Anthropology

First Committee Member

Vicki Cassman

Number of Pages

179

Abstract

Using mortuary and osteological evidence this thesis investigates the hypothesis that social hierarchies based on sex and age existed during the Pueblo II and Pueblo III (A.D. 900-1300) periods on the Manuelito Plateau, New Mexico. Mortuary evidence including burial location, positioning, and grave goods was investigated for differential burial treatment within the Manuelito Plateau population sample. Osteological data pertaining to nutritional stress such as stature, dental pathology, and iron deficiency anemia were investigated to determine if differential access to subsistence resources existed. From the six archaeological sites, 99 individuals were recovered, consisting of 22 males, 21 females, and 47 subadults. Though the osteological data did not indicate controlled access to subsistence resources, the mortuary practices indicate that there was possible differential mortuary treatment related to age and sex at two of the six sites, LA31240 and LA 121585.

Keywords

Ancestral; Hierarchies; Manuelito; Mexico; New Mexico; Plateau; Puebloan; Social

Controlled Subject

Physical anthropology; Archaeology; Indians of North America--Study and teaching

File Format

pdf

File Size

4157.44 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/q1tp-g94h


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