Master of Arts (MA)
First Committee Member
Number of Pages
Using mortuary and osteological evidence this thesis investigates the hypothesis that social hierarchies based on sex and age existed during the Pueblo II and Pueblo III (A.D. 900-1300) periods on the Manuelito Plateau, New Mexico. Mortuary evidence including burial location, positioning, and grave goods was investigated for differential burial treatment within the Manuelito Plateau population sample. Osteological data pertaining to nutritional stress such as stature, dental pathology, and iron deficiency anemia were investigated to determine if differential access to subsistence resources existed. From the six archaeological sites, 99 individuals were recovered, consisting of 22 males, 21 females, and 47 subadults. Though the osteological data did not indicate controlled access to subsistence resources, the mortuary practices indicate that there was possible differential mortuary treatment related to age and sex at two of the six sites, LA31240 and LA 121585.
Ancestral; Hierarchies; Manuelito; Mexico; New Mexico; Plateau; Puebloan; Social
Physical anthropology; Archaeology; Indians of North America--Study and teaching
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
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Underwood, Sali A, "Ancestral Puebloan social hierarchies at Manuelito Plateau, New Mexico" (2005). UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations. 1914.