Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Committee Member

Brent Mangus

Number of Pages



This study measured the opinions of head and assistant athletic trainers employed by the National Football League, National Basketball Association, National Hockey League, Major League Soccer, and Major League Baseball, which also included the affiliated minor league and independent professional teams in the spring of 2006 regarding potential barriers female athletic trainers face in order to work with professional male sports teams. A survey was distributed to measure the opinions of 373 full-time athletic trainers with a return rate of 30.6%. The majority of those that took the survey agreed that female athletic trainers were competent and skilled but the potential for sexual harassment, access to locker room, and professional sports organizations have kept female athletic trainers from being hired with these professional male sports teams. Therefore, female athletic trainers face potential barriers that lead to the glass ceiling effect. Although, such issues as the safety of the female ATC, the privacy of the professional male athletes, and the integrity of the different male sports organizations were all factors taken into consideration when adding a female presence with the teams.


Athletic; Female; Male; Professional; Sports; Trainers

Controlled Subject

Kinesiology; Recreation

File Format


File Size

2375.68 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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