Award Date

1-1-2007

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geoscience

First Committee Member

Stephen M. Rowland

Number of Pages

91

Abstract

Stable isotopic techniques are emergent as a powerful reconstructive tool in Neogene paleoecology. The Las Vegas Valley in southern Nevada contains one of few diverse Late Pleistocene fossil assemblages in the Mojave Desert. This study investigates the diet of four megafaunal genera (Mammuthus, Equus, Bison, and Camelops) using delta 13C signatures preserved in tooth enamel. Results from serial sampling are also presented as a subannual record of dietary variation and seasonality. During the Last Glacial Maximum, the three grazing genera (Mammuthus, Equus, and Bison) consumed C3 and C 4 grasses in the naturally occurring proportion, which consisted primarily of C3 grasses. Camelops delta13C values indicate the highest dietary proportion of C4 plants; I interpret that these animals consumed browse material with a high proportion of the halophytic C4 shrub Atriplex, a substantial component of modern Mojave Desert vegetation. This study provides new insight into stable isotopic applications for reconstruction of arid paleoenvironments.

Keywords

Browsing; Evidence; Halophytic; Isotopic; Megafauna; Nevada; Paleoecology; Plants; Pleistocene; Southern; USA; United States

Controlled Subject

Paleontology; Biogeochemistry

File Format

pdf

File Size

2488.32 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/qool-92dw


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