Master of Science (MS)
Number of Pages
The objective of the research is to develop a robot capability for a simultaneous measurement of the orientation (surface normal) and position of a 3-dimensional unknown object for a precise tool path guidance and control. The proposed system can guide the robot manipulator while maintaining specific orientation between the robot end-effector and the workpiece and also generate a measured geometric CAD database; The first phase involves the computer graphics simulation of an automated guidance and control of a robot tool using the proposed scheme. In the simulation, an object of known geometry is used for camera image data generation and subsequently determining the position and orientation of surface points based only on the simulated camera image information. Based on this surface geometry measurement technique, robot tool guidance and path planning algorithm is developed; The second phase involves the laboratory experiment. To demonstrate the validity of the proposed measurement method, the result of CCD image processing (grey to binary image conversion, thinning of binary image, detection of cross point, etc) and the calibration of the cameras/lighting source are performed. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).
Automated; Based; Guidance; Path; Robot; Sensor; Tool
Mechanical engineering; Industrial engineering
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
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Ukpong, Anietie Udo, "Sensor-based automated path guidance of a robot tool" (1992). UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations. 223.