Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)



Number of Pages



This study focuses on techniques for decreasing anxiety levels in preoperative patients scheduled for out patient arthroscopic knee surgery. The purpose was to assess the influence of sedative music, as a nursing intervention, on the patient's postoperative anxiety level; Random assignment to a music treatment group or a no music control group, by surgical day, was performed. The experimental (music) group (n = 12) was given a tape recorder with headphones and instructed to listen to their music selection throughout the surgical experience. The control group (n = 11) received routine nursing care for arthroscopic knee surgery patients. The physiological measures of blood pressure, heart rate, and respirations were recorded at five specific intervals; An independent t-test performed on postoperative state anxiety scores indicated no significant difference between the groups. Paired t-tests on pre- and post-treatment physiological measures showed no significant difference between the experimental and the control groups. Qualitative analysis revealed that the music group felt that the intervention helped them to feel more relaxed. (Abstract shortened by UMI).


Anxiety; Arthroscopic; Effects; Knee; Music; Patient; Surgery; Undergoing

Controlled Subject

Nursing; Clinical psychology; Psychophysiology

File Format


File Size

1761.28 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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