Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)



Number of Pages



The value of breast self examination has been well documented. Yet, only 35 percent or less of women perform BSE with even fewer performing it proficiently. This study was aimed at improving both the frequency and proficiency of BSE. The Neuman Health Care Systems Model was the conceptual framework for this research. There was a total N of 60 women divided into three equal groups. Group I received a one to one teaching program on BSE and a pamphlet by the American Cancer Society. Group II received only the same pamphlet. Group III received no intervention. All groups were tested pre intervention and three months later for frequency and proficiency of BSE. After the three month interval, Group I performed BSE more proficiently than Groups II and III, and more frequently than Group II, but only as frequently as Group III. Group II performed BSE more proficiently but not as frequently as Group III. After the post test, those subjects in Group II received the teaching program and the subjects in Group III received both the teaching program and the pamphlet. The researcher recognizes the need for further longer term follow up to determine if the proficiency and frequency levels are maintained or if they change with time.


Breast; Examination; Frequency; Improving; Proficiency; Self-exam

Controlled Subject

Nursing; Public health; Health education

File Format


File Size

2908.16 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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