Award Date

1-1-2007

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Committee Member

Ajit K. Roy

Number of Pages

127

Abstract

Martensitic T91 grade steels exhibited a susceptibility to dynamic strain aging (DSA) by virtue of gradually reduced failure strain (ef) and formation of serrations within a susceptible temperature range, irrespective of the silicon (Si) content. Since DSA is a thermally-activated process involving diffusion of solute elements, the effects of temperature and strain rate have been investigated. The activation energy associated with the diffusion process was gradually enhanced with increasing Si content at comparable temperatures. A maximum dislocation density was determined at 400°C at which lowest ef was observed in the engineering stress versus engineering strain diagram. The resistance to plastic deformation in terms of work-hardening index was gradually enhanced with an increase in temperature up to 400°C, independent of the Si content. The presence of higher Si content in the T91 grade steels resulted in reduced impact resistance and fracture toughness. Steel containing 2.0 weight percent Si exhibited predominantly ductile failures under tensile loading at all tested temperatures. However, the other materials showed a combination of brittle and ductile failures.

Keywords

Ageing; Chromium-molybdenum Steel; Content; Dynamic; Effects; Martensite; Modified; Martensite; Rate Steel; Strain; Strain Aging; Strain Rate; Temperature

Controlled Subject

Materials science; Mechanical engineering

File Format

pdf

File Size

9123.84 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/nldu-thr9


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