Doctor of Education (EdD)
First Committee Member
Number of Pages
An instrument to measure the effects of using the Universal Format for translating research to practice was developed. Measures of teachers, responses concerning the benefits, knowledge of research practices (informed status), and beliefs toward research-based knowledge were formatively evaluated. Five developmental phases were employed to identify, develop, and field-test a questionnaire and a training module with teachers enrolled in university coursework; A quasi-experimental design was utilized including an experimental and a control group. Subjects in the experimental group received training in using the Universal Format and translated research articles. Subjects in the control group translated research articles, but received no training module. Expert evaluation, subject feedback, and data were used to determine the merit of the questionnaire and training in validating the use of the Universal Format. Results indicated that the questionnaire was useful in evaluating pre- and post-test performance regarding research-based knowledge under experimental conditions. Experimental subjects significantly improved in positive responses between pre- and post-test toward the benefits, informed status, and beliefs concerning research-based knowledge. They also had a significant improvement in their translation of research articles for classroom applications. Control group subjects significantly improved in positive responses between pre- and post-test concerning benefits, informed status, and beliefs concerning research-based knowledge; They did not experience significant improvement in the translation of research articles for classroom applications. Implications for continued use of the questionnaire and training module with the Universal Format for further evaluation in a representative field test are discussed.
Based; Effects; Evaluation; Format; Formative; Formative Evaluation; Pedagogy; Research; Research-based Knowledge; Universal Format
Special education; Teachers--Training of; Educational tests and measurements
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
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Warby, Dale B, "Formative evaluation: An instrument to measure the effects of using the Universal Format" (1998). UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations. 3056.
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