Award Date

1-1-1996

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Number of Pages

160

Abstract

When the enamel-like top layer of the desert soil is compromised, natural and man-made forces result in airborne dust particulates. This is of specific concern in plutonium contaminated soil excavation. Conventional water spraying techniques are effective in preventing large airborne dust particles but are ineffective for dust particles on the order of a few micrometers in diameter and smaller. One means of extracting these fine radio nuclide particulates from the air is with a quasi-electrostatic air filter which charges, traps, transports, and collects them with the aid of electrostatic and quasi-electrostatic fields. Human intervention is virtually eliminated. The air filter is divided into four sections: the charging region, the electrostatic trapping region, the transport region, and the collection region. This work focuses on the first three regions of the air filter. The charging region employs a photo-ionization mechanism to ionize the sand particles just below the breakdown of air. Large electrostatic fields have been tailored to extract the particles from the charging region and direct them into the transport region. The dynamic fields in this region guide the particulate to a collection region. By combining a finite element method with an analytical theory to characterize the fields in the air filter, single particle dynamics in the charging, electrostatic and the transport regions of the air filter are examined. Design constraints and limitations are studied. Air flow velocities and air viscosity contributions are incorporated into the simulation. Normalized expressions allow for a large host of upscale or downscale designs. The electrostatic and quasi-electrostatic forces always counteract the usually dominant viscous forces of air.

Keywords

Air; Cleaning; Electromagnetic; Filter; Novel; Remote

Controlled Subject

Electrical engineering; Mechanical engineering; Civil engineering

File Format

pdf

File Size

2938.88 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Language

English

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/q3t8-li8n


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