Master of Arts (MA)
Anthropology and Ethnic Studies
First Committee Member
Number of Pages
A macroscopic analysis of 604 skeletal remains was undertaken at the Museo Arqueologico de San Miguel de Azapa (MASMA) in order to ascertain the rates of porotic hyperostosis in the prehistoric populations of northern Chile. Porotic hyperostosis has been recognized as being a useful indicator of nutritional stress, in particular, iron-deficiency anemia. In the Americas, this pathology has primarily been associated with maize-dependency and pathogen load. Contrary to expectations, results reveal that pre-agricultural populations have 93% of porotic hyperostosis while the agricultural populations show a rate of 66%. This data does not support the maize-dependency model. It is suggested, instead, that the pathology could be the result of levels of parasites within the societies.
Analysis; Chile; Diachronic; Hyperostosis; Northern; Populations; Porotic; Prehistoric
Physical anthropology; Pathology; Archaeology
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
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Hart, Maria Sloan, "A diachronic analysis of porotic hyperostosis in prehistoric populations of northern Chile" (1998). UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations. 881.