Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Communication Studies

First Committee Member

Anthony Ferri

Number of Pages



This study was conducted to establish the validity and reliability of a dependent measure instrument developed specifically for health education programs geared to expectant mothers and their significant others who smoke; This study's instrument was distributed to 201 randomly chosen college students participating in health education, general education, educational psychology, and communication studies classes at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Results from this study found that the instrument has merit. The confirmatory factor analysis, which proved the instrument's reliability, isolated three different areas of study: beliefs about smoking in general; the effects of smoking on pre- and post-natal babies; and why smokers hesitate to quit smoKing Its factorial validity was supported by three steps taken to establish it: the use of focus groups; the information gained from the large sample of randomly selected students; and the factor analysis used to establish its construct validity.


Development; Education; Health; Instrument; Program; Validation

Controlled Subject

Health education; Mass media; Public health

File Format


File Size

1853.44 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas


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